PIP components, rates and scores

PIP has two components:

• daily living component

• mobility component

Each component has two rates:

• standard rate

• enhanced rate

Claimants who are assessed as having:

• ‘limited ability to carry out daily living activities’ (minimum score 8 points) are paid the standard rate of the daily living component, currently £60.00

• ‘severely limited ability to carry out daily living activities’ (minimum score 12 points) are paid the enhanced rate of the daily living component, currently £89.60

• ‘limited ability to carry out mobility activities’ (minimum score 8 points) are paid the standard rate of the mobility component, currently £23.70

• ‘severely limited ability to carry out mobility activities’ (minimum score 12 points) are paid the enhanced rate of the mobility component, currently £62.55 

Daily living activities

The decision about whether you are entitled to the daily living component, and if so at what rate, is based on the number of points you score in total for the following activities:

1. Preparing food

2. Taking nutrition

3. Managing therapy or monitoring a health condition

4. Washing and bathing

5. Managing toilet needs or incontinence

6. Dressing and undressing

7. Communicating verbally

8. Reading and understanding signs, symbols and words

9. Engaging with other people face-to-face

10. Making budgeting decisions 

Each of these activities is divided into a number of point scoring descriptors. To get an award of the daily living component, you need to score:

8 points for the standard rate

12 points for the enhanced rate

You can only score one set of points from each activity, if two or more apply from the same activity only the highest will count. So, for example, if:

4 d. Needs assistance to be able to wash either their hair or body below the waist. 2 points

4 f. Needs assistance to be able to wash their body between the shoulders and waist. 4 points

Mobility activities

The decision about whether you are entitled to the mobility component, and if so at what rate, is based on the number of points you score in total for the following activities:

1. Planning and following journeys

2. Moving around

Both of these activities are divided into a number of point scoring descriptors. To get an award of the mobility component you need to score:

8 points for the standard rate

12 points for the enhanced rate

As with daily living above, you only score the highest points that apply to you from each activity, but you can add points from mobility activities 1 and 2 together to reach your final total.

both apply, you will receive only the 4 points for the ‘between the shoulders and waist’ activity. These can then be added to points for other activities, such as 'Dressing and undressing'

Please note: these are just examples of the kinds of information you may wish to give – they aren’t ‘correct’ answers of any sort. But it is vital that you give detailed evidence rather than just ticking boxes.

PIP SCORING SYSTEM AND SAMPLE ANSWER FOR QUESTION 6 (ACTIVITY 4) ON 'HOW YOUR DISABILITY AFFECTS YOU' FORM  

Q6 Washing and bathing

The descriptors: what the law says you score points for

4a. Can wash and bathe unaided. 0 points.

4b. Needs to use an aid or appliance to be able to wash or bathe. 2 points.

4c. Needs supervision or prompting to be able to wash or bathe. 2 points.

4d. Needs assistance to be able to wash either their hair or body below the waist. 2 points.

4e. Needs assistance to be able to get in or out of a bath or shower. 3 points.

4f. Needs assistance to be able to wash their body between the shoulders and waist. 4 points.

4g. Cannot wash and bathe at all and needs another person to wash their entire body. 8 points.

Sample Answer

Because of my obsessive compulsive disorder I have certain actions and rituals that I have to perform when I wash or bathe. This means it takes me a very long time to wash or bathe. It takes me over an hour to wash every morning because I have to wash my body in a certain order and clean each part of my body a certain number of times. If I am not sure I have done it correctly I have to start again from the beginning, something which always happens several times. I don’t need any aids or appliances. Help from another person would make things worse as it would mean I was not doing things in the way that I feel compelled to do them. I only ever have a bath in the morning, but I also have to wash my hands in the correct way many times a day and this can take anywhere from two minutes to ten minutes. I have to be very careful that I don’t touch certain things in the bathroom and that different things don’t touch each other. If I do touch them or get too close to them I have to wash my hands very carefully and start again. I always have this level of problems. 

PIP SCORING SYSTEM AND SAMPLE ANSWER FOR QUESTION 13 ON 'HOW YOUR DISABILITY AFFECTS YOU' FORM 

Q13 Going out 

The descriptors: what the law says you score points for

11a. Can plan and follow the route of a journey unaided. 0 points.

11b. Needs prompting to be able to undertake any journey to avoid overwhelming psychological distress to the claimant. 4 points.

11c. Cannot plan the route of a journey. 8 points.

11d. Cannot follow the route of an unfamiliar journey without another person, assistance dog or orientation aid. 10 points.

11e. Cannot undertake any journey because it would cause overwhelming psychological distress to the claimant. 10 points.

11f. Cannot follow the route of a familiar journey without another person, an assistance dog or an orientation aid. 12 points.

Sample Answer

Because of agoraphobia I have great difficulty going outdoors. I cannot go anywhere on my own and just thinking about doing so makes me very anxious indeed. If I even leave my front door I start shaking uncontrollably, my chest gets tight and I believe I’m going to stop breathing, my heart races and I break out in a sweat. The only way to control the panic is to go back inside my house. There is no aid or appliance I can use to help me. My doctor visits me at home because I cannot go to the surgery and I have not seen a dentist for 4 years. I do all my shopping online or get friends and family to pick things (e.g. medication) up for me. I have these problems at all times of the day and every day. 


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